Astronomy in the Anatolia

Astronomy in the Anatolia[1]

Madrasah or “Madrasa” is Arabic for “educational institution.” The Cacabey Astronomy Madrasah was built in 1272, being one of the historical structures in Kırşehir, Cacabey Turkey. Astronomy Madrasah was built by Nureddin Jibril bin Cacabey, Governor of Kırşehir about the  year 1272 to be a madrasah where the education of mathematics, astronomy, science were provided. In addition to its unique architecture, Cacabey Astronomy Madrasah attracts attention with its particularly internal colonnettes representing the planets within the Solar System, observation shaft, lighting torch and observation tower is one of the first centers providing astronomy education, maybe, even the most important one. The colonnettes which are situated and look like a rocket at three different locations of the madrasah and currently being used as a mosque is considered evidence that the building had served as an astronomy center.

The dome of the building is open at the top. On the floor beneath the dome is a pool. In the madrasa’s early days, people observed the night sky by looking at celestial reflections in this pool. The Cacabey Madrasa is a symbol of the importance people placed on science in the Anatolia of the 1200s. Seljuk scientists of the era observed form many Anatolian buildings like this one. The region and its medieval centers of science are waiting for people in the new millennium.

[1] See “Cacabey Astronomy Madrasah” at the ICAA-2016 Web Site ( AND Ahmet Hakan Ergun, “Astronomy in the Anatolia,” Astronomy (42, 3, p. 12).


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